Simple Present Tense is used to describe
habitual actions or general truth.
The Present Tense is a grammatical tense
that locates a situation or event in present time.
Simple Present Tense is used in several
To describe both habits and or routines
(habitual aspect),examples: (I eat breakfast every morning, I go to work
everyday), and general facts or the truth, example: (The earth revolves around
To present thoughts, feelings, and other
unchanging states (stative aspect), for examples: I think so; I like it; It is
hot; The sun always shines in the desert.
To indicate scheduled events in the near future
(so that the simple “present” verb form actually indicates future tense),
e.g: I take the train tomorrow at 6:00
To provide narratives such as instructional
narratives; e.g: (Now, I mix the
ingredients; now I put the pan in the oven).
To narrate past events (the historical
present) for stylistic effect.
THE PATTERNS OF SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
(+) S + TO BE (IS,AM,ARE) + NOUN/ADJ/ADVERB
(-) S + TO BE (IS,AM,ARE) + NOT + NOUN/ADJ/ADVERB
(?) TO BE (IS,AM,ARE) + S +
NOUN/ADJ/ADVERB + ?
(+) S + V1 S/ES + O
(-) S +DO/DOES + NOT + V1 + O
(?) DO/DOES + S + V1 + O + ?
Once a week
Twice a week
(+) She is beautiful
(-) She is not beautiful
(?) Is she beautiful?
(+) I am here
(-) I am not here
(?) Am I here?
(+) The student are diligent
(-) The students are not diligent
(?) Are the students diligent?
brings dictionary everyday
(-) She doesn’t bring dictionary
(?) Does she bring dictionary
(+) I take
a bath twice a day
(-) I don’t take a bath twice a day
(?) Do I take a bath twice a day?
(+) The sun rises on the east
(-) The sun doesn’t rise on the east
(?) Does the sun rise on the east?
Simple Past Tense is used to :
Talk or explain about past activities
Describe something which began and ended before
the present time
Describe a completed action
THE PATTERNS OF SIMPLE PAST TENSE
(+) S + TO BE (WAS/WERE) + NOUN/ADJ/ADVERB
(-) S + TO BE (WAS/WERE) + NOT +
(?) TO BE (WAS/WERE) + S + NOUN/ADJ/ADVERB
(+) S + V2 + O
(-) S + DID + NOT + V1 + O
(?) DID + S + V1 + O + ?
In ... ; e.g : In 1995, In 2000, etc.
(+) I was late yesterday
(-) I was not late yesterday
(?) Was I late yesterday?
(+) Ilham and Rosyid were here
(-) Ilham and Rosyid were not here
(?) Were Ilham and Rosyid here?
(+) Ica was sick last night
(-) Ica was not sick last night
(?) Was Ica sick last night?
(+) He ate bananas last night
(-) He did not eat bananas last night
(?) Did he eat bananas last night?
(+) They waited for me
(-) They did not wait for me
(?) Did they wait for me?
(+) I drank milk yesterday
(-) I did not drink milk yesterday
(?) Did I drink milk yesterday?
/* Style Definitions */